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We are a condensed matter physics research group in the School of Physics and Astronomy at Monash University.  Our laboratories are located in the New Horizons Building on the Clayton Campus of Monash University. We use experimental techniques such as scanning probe microscopy, UHV transport measurements, and optical and photoemission spectroscopies to investigate the electronic properties of atomically thin materials. Current research interests include graphene, topological insulators and transition metal dichalcogenides.

The group is led by Prof. Michael S. Fuhrer, who directs the ARC Centre of Excellence in Future Low-Energy Electronics Technologies (FLEET).


Two-dimensional Materials

The Fuhrer Group’s research focuses on atomically thin materials, also known as two-dimensional (2D) materials. The prototypical atomically thin material is graphene, a single atom-thick plane of carbon, the basic constituent of graphite. Other classes of materials studied in the Fuhrer Group include the atomically thin semiconducting transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDs) such as MoS2 and WS2, topological insulators such as Bi2Se3. and topological Dirac semimetals such as Na3Bi.

Novel Electronic Properties

Many atomically thin materials show novel electronic properties. In graphene, electrons behave as if they have no mass, moving at a constant velocity regardless of their energy (much like photons, particles of light). Topological insulators such as Bi2Se3 are three-dimensional materials whose two-dimensional surfaces are conducting. The conducting 2D surface shares the massless property of electrons with graphene, and a new property that the quantum mechanical “spin” of the electrons is coupled to the direction of their momentum, creating new interplays between charge and spin polarizations and currents. The layered transition metal dichalcogenides include new 2D semiconductors such as MoS2 and WS2, in which the electrons have a “valley” degree of freedom which is coupled to spin, and can be controlled electrically and optically.

Surface Modification

All the 2D materials share in common that their interesting electronic states lie at the surface of the material, and are therefore sensitive to the condition of that surface. Control of the surface through ultra-high vacuum surface science techniques leads to new ways to control the properties of the materials, for instance changing the dielectric environment (by deposition of dielectric material), charge (by deposition of ionized impurities), point defects (thorugh removal of atoms by sputtering), magneitsm and spin orbit coupling (through heavy-metal adatoms), etc.

The Fuhrer Group has developed unique techniques to study the electronic transport properties of 2D materials in situ in ultra-high vacuum, at cryogenic temperature. At Monash, the Fuhrer Group is combining these techniques with atomic-resolution scanning probe microscopy in order to image the atomic structure of modified surfaces and simultaneously measure the electronic transport properties of the material.

Synchrotron Science

The Fuhrer Group makes use of the Australian Synchrotron to do x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) in support of the themes of investigation outlined above.


The Fuhrer Group’s research has led to new concepts for infrared and THz detection using graphene devices (see here and here), and new conducting transparent electrodes based on lithium-intercalated few-layer graphene.


Michael S. Fuhrer – Google Scholar

Michael S. Fuhrer Research Outputs – Monash University


Overcoming Boltzmann’s Tyranny in a Transistor via the Topological Quantum Field Effect

Muhammad Nadeem, Iolanda Di Bernardo, Xiaolin Wang, Michael S. Fuhrer, Dimitrie Culcer


Bulk transport paths through defects in floating zone and Al flux grown SmB6

Yun Suk Eo, Alexa Rakoski, Shriya Sinha, Dmitri Mihaliov, Wesley T. Fuhrman, Shanta R. Saha, Priscila F. S. Rosa, Zachary Fisk, Monica Ciomaga Hatnean, Geetha Balakrishnan, Juan R. Chamorro, Seyed M. Koohpayeh, Tyrel M. McQueen, Boyoun Kang, Myung-suk Song, Beongki Cho, Michael S. Fuhrer, Johnpierre Paglione, Cagliyan Kurdak


Long-lived populations of momentum- and spin-indirect excitons in monolayer WSe2

Shao-Yu Chen, Maciej Pieczarka, Matthias Wurdack, Eliezer Estrecho, Takashi Taniguchi, Kenji Watanabe, Jun Yan, Elena A. Ostrovskaya, Michael S. Fuhrer


Crossover from 2D ferromagnetic insulator to wide bandgap quantum anomalous Hall insulator in ultra-thin MnBi2Te4

Chi Xuan Trang, Qile Li, Yuefeng Yin, Jinwoong Hwang, Golrokh Akhgar, Iolanda Di Bernardo, Antonija Grubišić-Čabo, Anton Tadich, Michael S. Fuhrer, Sung- Kwan Mo, Nikhil Medhekar, Mark T. Edmonds


Progress in epitaxial thin-film Na3Bi as a topological electronic material

I. Di Bernardo, J. Hellerstedt, C. Liu, G. Akhgar, W. Wu, S. A. Yang, D. Culcer, S. -K. Mo, S. Adam, M. T. Edmonds, M. S. Fuhrer

https://arxiv.org/abs/2009.00244; to appear in Advanced Materials


Magnesium-intercalated graphene on SiC: Highly n-doped air-stable bilayer graphene at extreme displacement fields

Antonija Grubišić-Čabo, Jimmy C. Kotsakidis, Yuefeng Yin, Anton Tadich, Matthew Haldon, Sean Solari, Iolanda Di Bernardo, Kevin M. Daniels, John Riley, Eric Huwald, Mark T. Edmonds, Rachael Myers-Ward, Nikhil V. Medhekar, D. Kurt Gaskill, Michael S. Fuhrer

Applied Surface Science 541, 148612 (2021)

Ultrathin Ga2O3 Glass: A Large‐Scale Passivation and Protection Material for Monolayer WS2

Matthias Wurdack, Tinghe Yun, Eliezer Estrecho, Nitu Syed, Semonti Bhattacharyya, Maciej Pieczarka, Ali Zavabeti, Shao‐Yu Chen, Benedikt Haas, Johannes Müller, Mark N. Lockrey, Qiaoliang Bao, Christian Schneider, Yuerui Lu, Michael S. Fuhrer, Andrew G. Truscott, Torben Daeneke, Elena A. Ostrovskaya

Advanced Materials (in press)

Magneto-transport and electronic structures in MoSi2 bulks and thin films with different orientations

Wafa Afzal, Frank Fei Yun, Zhi Li, Zengji Yue, Weiyao Zhao, Lina Sang, Guangsai Yang, Yahua He, Germanas Peleckis, Michael Fuhrer, Xiaolin Wang

Journal of Alloys and Compounds (in press)


Quantum Anomalous Hall Effect in Magnetic Doped Topological Insulators and Ferromagnetic Spin-Gapless Semiconductors—A Perspective Review

Muhammad Nadeem, Alex R. Hamilton, Michael S. Fuhrer, and Xiaolin Wang

Small 16, 1904322 (2020)

Freestanding n-Doped Graphene via Intercalation of Calcium and Magnesium into the Buffer Layer-SiC(0001) Interface

Jimmy C. Kotsakidis, Antonija Grubišić-Čabo, Yuefeng Yin, Anton Tadich, Rachael L. Myers-Ward, Matthew DeJarld, Shojan P. Pavunny, Marc Currie, Kevin M. Daniels, Chang Liu, Mark T. Edmonds, Nikhil V. Medhekar, D. Kurt Gaskill, Amadeo L. Vázquez de Parga, and Michael S. Fuhrer

Chemistry of Materials 32, 6464 (2020)

Helical Edge Transport in Millimeter-Scale Thin Films of Na3Bi

Chang Liu, Dimitrie Culcer, Zhanning Wang, Mark T. Edmonds, and Michael S. Fuhrer

Nano Letters 9, 6306 (2020).

Flexible two-dimensional indium tin oxide fabricated using a liquid metal printing technique

Robi S. Datta, Nitu Syed, Ali Zavabeti, Azmira Jannat, Md Mohiuddin, Md. Rokunuzzaman, Bao Yue Zhang, Md. Ataur Rahman, Paul Atkin, Kibret A. Messalea, Mohammad Bagher Ghasemian, Enrico Della Gaspera, Semonti Bhattacharyya, Michael S. Fuhrer, Salvy P. Russo, Chris F. McConville, Dorna Esrafilzadeh, Kourosh Kalantar-Zadeh & Torben Daeneke

Nature Electronics 3, 51–58(2020)

Quantum Transport in Air-Stable Na3Bi Thin Films

Chang Liu, Golrokh Akhgar, James L. Collins, Jack Hellerstedt, Cheng Tan, Lan Wang, Shaffique Adam, Michael S. Fuhrer, and Mark T. Edmonds

ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces 12, 35542–355462020 (2020)

Importance of interactions for the band structure of the topological Dirac semimetal Na3Bi

I. Di Bernardo, J. Collins, W. Wu, Ju Zhou, Shengyuan A. Yang, Sheng Ju, M. T. Edmonds, and M. S. Fuhrer

Physical Review B 102, 045124 (2020)

Dirac-point photocurrents due to the photothermoelectric effect in non-uniform graphene devices

Michael S. Fuhrer & Nikhil V. Medhekar

Nature Nanotechnology 15,241–243(2020)

p-Type Epitaxial Graphene on Cubic Silicon Carbide on Silicon for Integrated Silicon Technologies

Aiswarya Pradeepkumar, Mojtaba Amjadipour, Neeraj Mishra, Chang Liu, Michael S. Fuhrer, Avi Bendavid, Fabio Isa, Marcin Zielinski, Hansika I. Sirikumara, Thushari Jayasekara, D. Kurt Gaskill, and Francesca Iacopi

ACS Appl. Nano Mater. 3, 830–841 (2020)

Disentangling the effects of doping, strain and disorder in monolayer WS2 by optical spectroscopy

Pavel V Kolesnichenko, Qianhui Zhang, Tinghe Yun, Changxi Zheng, Michael S Fuhrer and Jeffrey A Davis

2D Materials 7, 025008 (2020)

Atomically Thin Superconductors

Zhi Li Lina Sang  Peng Liu  Zengji Yue  Michael S. Fuhrer  Qikun Xue  Xiaolin Wang

Small (in press)


Oxidation of Monolayer WS2 in Ambient Is a Photoinduced Process

Jimmy C. Kotsakidis, Quianhui Zhang, Amadeo L. Vazquez de Parga, Marc Currie, Kristian Helmerson, D. Kurt Gaskill and Michael S. Fuhrer

Nano Letters 19, 5205 (2019)

Possible Excitonic Insulating Phase in Quantum-Confined Sb Nanoflakes

Zhi Li, Muhammad Nadeem, Zengji Yue, David Cortie, Michael Fuhrer, Xiaolin Wang

Nano Letters 19, 4960 (2019)

Quantum oscillations of robust topological surface states up to 50 K in thick bulk-insulating topological insulator

Weiyao Zhao, Lei Chen, Zengji Yue, Zhi Li, David Cortie, Michael Fuhrer & Xiaolin Wang

npj Quantum Materials 4, 56 (2019)

Selective control of surface spin current in topological pyrite-type OsX2 (X = Se, Te) crystals

Yuefeng Yin, Michael S. Fuhrer & Nikhil V. Medhekar

npj Quantum Materials 4, 47 (2019).


Electric-field-tuned topological phase transition in ultrathin Na3Bi

James L. Collins, Anton Tadich, Weikang Wu, Lidia C. Gomes, Joao N. B. Rodrigues, Chang Liu, Jack Hellerstedt, Hyejin Ryu, Shujie Tang, Sung-Kwan Mo, Shaffique Adam, Shengyuan A. Yang, Michael S. Fuhrer & Mark T. Edmonds

Nature 564, 390-394 (2018).

Room temperature in-plane ferroelectricity in van der Waals In2Se3

Changxi Zheng, Lei Yu, Lin Zhu, James L. Collins, Dohyung Kim, Yaoding Lou, Meng Li, Zheng Wei, Yupeng Zhang, Mark T. Edmonds, Shiqiang Li, Jan Seidel, Ye Zhu, Jefferson Zhe Liu, Wen-Xin Tang and Michael S. Fuhrer

Science Advances 4, eaar7720 (2018).

Reliable Synthesis of Large-Area Monolayer WS2 Single Crystals, Films, and Heterostructures with Extraordinary Photoluminescence Induced by Water Intercalation

Qianhui Zhang, Jianfeng Lu, Ziyu Wang, Zhigao Dai, Yupeng Zhang, Fuzhi Huang, Qiaoliang Bao, Wenhui Duan, Michael S. Fuhrer, Changxi Zheng

Advanced Optical Materials 6, 1701347 (2018)

Thermoelectric properties and performance of flexible reduced graphene oxide films up to 3,000 K

Tian Li, Andrea D. Pickel, Yonggang Yao, Yanan Chen, Yuqiang Zeng, Steven D. Lacey, Yiju Li, Yilin Wang, Jiaqi Dai, Yanbin Wang, Bao Yang, Michael S. Fuhrer, Amy Marconnet, Chris Dames, Dennis H. Drew and Liangbing Hu

Nature Energy 3, 148-156 (2018)

Designing Optoelectronic Properties by On-Surface Synthesis: Formation and Electronic Structure of an Iron-Terpyridine Macromolecular Complex

Agustin Schiffrin, Martina Capsoni, Gelareh Farahi, Chen-Guang Wang, Cornelius Krull, Marina Castelli, Tanya Roussy, Katherine A. Cochrane, Yuefeng Yin, Nikhil V. Medhekar , Michael Fuhrer, Adam Q. Shaw, Wei Ji , and Sarah A. Burke

ACS Nano 12, 6545—6553 (2018)

Long range intrinsic ferromagnetism in two dimensional materials and dissipationless future technologies

Babar Shabbir, Muhammad Nadeem, Zhigao Dai, Michael S. Fuhrer, Qi-Kun Xue, Xiaolin Wang, and Qiaoliang Bao

Applied Physics Reviews 5, 041105 (2018)


Room-Temperature Single-Photon Emission from Oxidized Tungsten Disulfide Multilayers

Toan Trong Tran, Sumin Choi, John A. Scott, Zai-Quan Xu, Changxi Zheng, Gediminas Seniutinas, Avi Bendavid, Michael S. Fuhrer, Milos Toth, Igor Aharonovich

Advanced Optical Materials 5, 1600939 (2017)

Direct Observation of 2D Electrostatics and Ohmic Contacts in Template-Grown Graphene/WS2 Heterostructures

Changxi Zheng, Qianhui Zhang, Bent Weber, Hesameddin Ilatikhameneh, Fan Chen, Harshad Sahasrabudhe, Rajib Rahman, Shiqiang Li, Zhen Chen, Jack Hellerstedt, Yupeng Zhang, Wen Hui Duan, Qiaoliang Bao, and Michael S. Fuhrer

ACS Nano 11, 2785 (2017)

Solid source growth of graphene with Ni-Cu catalysts: towards high quality in situ graphene on silicon

Neeraj Mishra, John J. Boeckl, Anton Tadich, Robert T. Jones, Paul J. Pigram, Mark Edmonds, Michael S. Fuhrer, Barbara M. Nichols, Francesca Iacopi

Journal of Physics D-Applied Physics 50, 095302 (2017)

Electrochemically Prepared Polycrystalline Copper Surface for the Growth of Hexagonal Boron Nitride

Karthik Sridhara, Boris N. Feigelson, James A.Wollmershauser, Jennifer K. Hite, Anindya Nath, Sandra C. Hernandez, Michael S. Fuhrer, D. Kurt Gaskill

Crystal Growth & Design 17, 1669 (2017)

Polypyridyl Iron Complex as a Hole Transporting Material for Formamidinium Lead Bromide Perovskite Solar Cells

Muhammad K. Kashif, Iacopo Benesperi, Rebecca A. Milhuisen, Steffen Meyer, Jack Hellerstedt, David Zee, Noel W. Duffy, Barry Halstead, Michael S. Fuhrer, John Cashion, Yi-Bing Cheng, Leone Spiccia, Alexandr N. Simonov, Udo Bach

ACS Energy Letters 2, 1855 (2017)

Observation of Effective Pseudospin Scattering in ZrSiS

Michael S. Lodge, Guoqing Chang, Cheng-Yi Huang, Bahadur Singh, Jack Hellerstedt, Mark Edmonds, Dariusz Kaczorowski, Md Mofazzel Hosen, Madhab Neupane, Hsin Lin, Michael S. Fuhrer, Bent Weber, and Masa Ishigami

Nano Letters 17, 7213 (2017)

Nanoscale Phase Engineering of Niobium Diselenide

Felix Bischoff, Willi Auwärter, Johannes V. Barth, Agustin Schiffrin, Michael Fuhrer and Bent Weber

Chemistry of Materials 29, 9907 (2017)

Ambient Protection of Few-Layer Black Phosphorus via Sequestration of Reactive Oxygen Species

Sumeet Walia, Sivacarendran Balendhran, Taimur Ahmed, Mandeep Singh, Christopher El-Badawi, Mathew D. Brennan, Pabudi Weerathunge, Md. Nurul Karim, Fahmida Rahman, Andrea Rassell, Jonathan Duckworth, Rajesh Ramanathan, Gavin E. Collis, Charlene J. Lobo, Milos Toth, Jimmy Christopher Kotsakidis, Bent Weber, Michael Fuhrer, Jose M. Dominguez-Vera, Michelle J. S. Spencer, Igor Aharonovich, Sharath Sriram, Madhu Bhaskaran, and Vipul Bansal

Advanced Materials 29, 1700152 (2017)

Temperature-dependent n−p transition in a three-dimensional Dirac semimetal Na3Bi thin film

Chang Liu, Jack Hellerstedt, Mark T. Edmonds, and Michael S. Fuhrer

Physical Review B 96, 235412 (2017)

Electrostatic modulation of the electronic properties of Dirac semimetal Na3Bi thin films

J. Hellerstedt, I. Yudhistira, M.T. Edmonds, C. Liu, J. Collins, S. Adam, M.S. Fuhrer

Physical Review Materials 1, 054203 (2017)

Spatial charge inhomogeneity and defect states in topological Dirac semimetal thin films of Na3Bi

M.T. Edmonds, J.L. Collins, J. Hellerstedt, I. Yudhistira, L.C. Gomes, J.N.B. Rodrigues, S. Adam, M.S. Fuhrer

Science Advances 3, eaao6661 (2017)


Neutral-current Hall effects in disordered graphene

Yilin Wang, Xinghan Cai, Janice Reutt-Robey, and Michael S. Fuhrer

Phys. Rev. B 92, 161411(R) (2015)

Structure retrieval with fast electrons using segmented detectors

H. G. Brown, A. J. D’Alfonso, Z. Chen, A. J. Morgan, M. Weyland, C. Zheng, M. S. Fuhrer, S. D. Findlay and L. J. Allen

Physical Review B 93 (13) (2016)

Practical aspects of diffractive imaging using an atomic-scale coherent electron probe

Z. Chen, M. Weyland, P. Ercius, J. Ciston, C. Zheng, M. S. Fuhrer, A. J. D’Alfonso, L. J. Allen and S. D. Findlay

Ultramicroscopy 169, 107-121 (2016)

Reductive exfoliation of substoichiometric MoS2 bilayers using hydrazine salts

T. Daeneke, R. M. Clark, B. J. Carey, J. Z. Ou, B. Weber, M. S. Fuhrer, M. Bhaskaran and K. Kalantar-zadeh

Nanoscale 8 (33), 15252-15261 (2016)

Molecular Doping the Topological Dirac Semimetal Na3Bi across the Charge Neutrality Point with F4-TCNQ

M. T. Edmonds, J. Hellerstedt, K. M. O’Donnell, A. Tadich and M. S. Fuhrer

ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 8 (25), 16412-16418 (2016)

Measuring the Complex Optical Conductivity of Graphene by Fabry-Perot Reflectance Spectroscopy

B. G. Ghamsari, J. Tosado, M. Yamamoto, M. S. Fuhrer and S. M. Anlage

Scientific Reports 6 (2016)

Electronic Properties of High-Quality Epitaxial Topological Dirac Semimetal Thin Films

J. Hellerstedt, M. T. Edmonds, N. Ramakrishnan, C. Liu, B. Weber, A. Tadich, K. M. O’Donnell, S. Adam and M. S. Fuhrer

Nano Letters 16 (5), 3210-3214 (2016)

Tunable Ultrafast Thermal Relaxation in Graphene Measured by Continuous-Wave Photomixing

M. M. Jadidi, R. J. Suess, C. Tan, X. H. Cai, K. Watanabe, T. Taniguchi, A. B. Sushkov, M. Mittendorff, J. Hone, H. D. Drew, M. S. Fuhrer and T. E. Murphy

Physical Review Letters 117 (25) (2016)

Evolution of electronic states in n-type copper oxide superconductor via electric double layer gating

K. Jin, W. Hu, B. Y. Zhu, D. Kim, J. Yuan, Y. J. Sun, T. Xiang, M. S. Fuhrer, I. Takeuchi and R. L. Greene

Scientific Reports 6 (2016)

Two dimensional and layered transition metal oxides

K. Kalantar-zadeh, J. Z. Ou, T. Daeneke, A. Mitchell, T. Sasaki and M. S. Fuhrer

Applied Materials Today 5, 73-89 (2016)

Catastrophic degradation of the interface of epitaxial silicon carbide on silicon at high temperatures

A. Pradeepkumar, N. Mishra, A. R. Kermany, J. J. Boeckl, J. Hellerstedt, M. S. Fuhrer and F. Iacopi

Applied Physics Letters 109 (1) (2016)

Response to “Comment on ‘Catastrophic degradation of the interface of epitaxial silicon carbide on silicon at high temperatures’ Appl. Phys. Lett. 109, 196101 (2016)”

A. Pradeepkumar, N. Mishra, A. R. Kermany, J. J. Boeckl, J. Hellerstedt, M. S. Fuhrer and F. Iacopi

Applied Physics Letters 109, 196102 (2016)

Acoustically-Driven Trion and Exciton Modulation in Piezoelectric Two-Dimensional MoS2

A. R. Rezk, B. Carey, A. F. Chrimes, D. W. M. Lau, B. C. Gibson, C. X. Zheng, M. S. Fuhrer, L. Y. Yeo and K. Kalantar-zadeh

Nano Letters 16 (2), 849-855 (2016)

Tuning two-dimensional nanomaterials by intercalation: materials, properties and applications

J. Y. Wan, S. D. Lacey, J. Q. Dai, W. Z. Bao, M. S. Fuhrer and L. B. Hu

Chemical Society Reviews 45 (24), 6742-6765 (2016)

Breakdown of compensation and persistence of nonsaturating magnetoresistance in gated WTe2 thin flakes

Y. L. Wang, K. F. Wang, J. Reutt-Robey, J. Paglione and M. S. Fuhrer

Physical Review B 93 (12) (2016)

Nonlinear optical frequency mixing response of single and multilayer graphene

C. Q. Xia, C. X. Zheng, M. S. Fuhrer and S. Palomba

Optics Letters 41 (6), 1122-1125 (2016)

Strain Relaxation of Monolayer WS2 on Plastic Substrate

Q. H. Zhang, Z. Y. Chang, G. Z. Xu, Z. Y. Wang, Y. P. Zhang, Z. Q. Xu, S. J. Chen, Q. L. Bao, J. Z. Liu, Y. W. Mai, W. H. Duan, M. S. Fuhrer and C. X. Zheng

Advanced Functional Materials 26 (47), 8707-8714 (2016)

Cobalt Polypyridyl Complexes as Transparent SolutionProcessable Solid- State Charge Transport Materials

Muhammad K. Kashif, Rebecca A. Milhuisen, Michael Nippe, Jack Hellerstedt, David Zee, Noel W. Duffy, Barry Halstead, Filippo De Angelis, Simona Fantacci, Christopher J.  Chang, Yi-Bing Cheng, Jeffrey R. Long, Leone Spiccia, Udo Bach

Advanced Energy Materials 6, 1600874 (2016)


In Situ Investigations of Li-MoS2 with Planar Batteries

Jiayu Wan, Wenzhong Bao, Yang Liu, Jiaqi Dai, Fei Shen, Lihui Zhou, Xinghan Cai, Daniel Urban, Yuanyuan Li, Katherine Jungjohann, Michael S. Fuhrer, and Liangbing Hu

Advanced Energy Materials 5, 1401742 (2015)

Helicity-Resolved Raman Scattering of MoS2, MoSe2, WS2, and WSe2 Atomic Layers

Shao-Yu Chen, Changxi Zheng, Michael S. Fuhrer, and Jun Yan

Nano Letters 15, 2526 (2015)

Self-Limiting Layer-by-Layer Oxidation of Atomically Thin WSe2

Mahito Yamamoto, Sudipta Dutta, Shinya Aikawa, Shu Nakaharai, Katsunori Wakabayashi, Michael S. Fuhrer, Keiji Ueno, and Kazuhito Tsukagoshi

Nano Letters 15, 2067 (2015)

Plasmon-Enhanced Terahertz Photodetection in Graphene

Xinghan Cai, Andrei B. Sushkov, Mohammad M. Jadidi, Luke O. Nyakiti, Rachael L. Myers-Ward, D. Kurt Gaskill, Thomas E. Murphy, Michael S. Fuhrer, and H. Dennis Drew

Nano Letters 15, 4295 (2015)

Profound Effect of Substrate Hydroxylation and Hydration on Electronic and Optical Properties of Monolayer MoS2,

Changxi Zheng, Zai-Quan Xu, Qianhui Zhang, Mark T. Edmonds, Kenji Watanabe, Takashi Taniguchi, Qiaoliang Bao, and Michael S. Fuhrer

Nano Letters 15, 3096 (2015)

Creating a Stable Oxide at the Surface of Black Phosphorus

M. T. Edmonds, A. Tadich, A. Carvalho, A. Ziletti, K. M. O’Donnell, S. P. Koenig, D. F. Coker, B. Özyilmaz, A. H. Castro Neto and M. S. Fuhrer

ACS Applied Materials Interfaces 7, 14557 (2015)

Observation of topological transition of Fermi surface from a spindle-torus to a torus in large bulk Rashba spin-split BiTeCl

Fei-Xiang Xiang, Xiao-Lin Wang, Menno Veldhorst, Shi-Xue Dou, Michael S. Fuhrer

Phys. Rev. B 92, 035123 (2015)

Tunable Terahertz Hybrid Metal–Graphene Plasmons

Mohammad M. Jadidi, Andrei B. Sushkov, Rachael L. Myers-Ward, Anthony K. Boyd, Kevin M. Daniels, D.Kurt Gaskill, Michael S. Fuhrer, H.Dennis Drew, Thomas E. Murphy

Nano Letters 15, 7099 (2015)

Pulsed Near-IR Photoresponse in a Bi-metal Contacted Graphene Photodetector

Xinghan Cai, Ryan J. Suess, H. Dennis Drew, Thomas E. Murphy, Jun Yan & Michael S. Fuhrer

Scientific Reports 5, 14803 (2015)

The positive piezoconductive effect in graphene

Kang Xu, Ke Wang, Wei Zhao, Wenzhong Bao, Erfu Liu, Yafei Ren, Miao Wang, Yajun Fu, Junwen Zeng, Zhaoguo Li, Wei Zhou, Fengqi Song, Xinran Wang, Yi Shi, Xiangang Wan, Michael S. Fuhrer, Baigeng Wang, Zhenhua Qiao, Feng Miao, and Dingyu Xing

Nature Communications 6, 8119 (2015)

Electronic transport properties of Ir-decorated graphene

Yilin Wang, Shudong Xiao, Xinghan Cai, Wenzhong Bao, Janice Reutt-Robey & Michael S. Fuhrer

Scientific Reports 5, 15764 (2015)

Synthesis and Transfer of Large-Area Monolayer WS2 Crystals: Moving Toward the Recyclable Use of Sapphire Substrates

Zai-Quan Xu, Yupeng Zhang, Shenghuang Lin, Changxi Zheng, Yu Lin Zhong, Xue Xia, Zhipeng Li, Ponraj Joice Sophia, Michael S. Fuhrer, Yi-Bing Cheng, and Qiaoliang Bao

ACS Nano 9, 6178 (2015)

Neutral-current Hall effects in disordered graphene

Yilin Wang, Xinghan Cai, Janice Reutt-Robey, and Michael S. Fuhrer

Phys. Rev. B 92, 161411(R) (2015).


Sensitive Room-Temperature Terahertz Detection via Photothermoelectric Effect in Graphene

Xinghan Cai, Andrei B. Sushkov, Ryan J. Suess, Greg S. Jenkins, Jun Yan, Thomas E. Murphy, H. Dennis Drew and Michael S. Fuhrer

Nature Nanotechnology 9, 814 (2014)

Electrical detection of CF3Cl phase transitions on graphene

Y.L. Wang, W.Z. Bao, S.D. Xiao, M.S. Fuhrer, J. Reutt-Robey

Applied Physics Letters 103, 201606 (2013)

Anisotropic Etching of Atomically Thin MoS2

M. Yamamoto, T.L. Einstein, M.S. Fuhrer, W.G. Cullen

Journal of Physical Chemistry C 48, 25643 (2013)

Ambipolar Surface State Thermoelectric Power of Topological Insulator Bi2Se3

Dohun Kim, Paul Syers, Nicholas P. Butch, Johnpierre Paglione, and Michael S. Fuhrer

Nano Letters 14, 1701 (2014)

Air-Stable Electron Depletion of Bi2Se3 Using Molybdenum Trioxide into the Topological Regime

Mark T. Edmonds, Jack T. Hellerstedt, Anton Tadich, Alex Schenk , Kane Michael O’Donnell, Jacob Tosado, Nicholas P. Butch, Paul Syers, Johnpierre Paglione and Michael S. Fuhrer

ACS Nano 8, 6400 (2014)

Carbon impurities on graphene synthesized by chemical vapor deposition on platinum

Jinglei Ping and Michael S. Fuhrer

J. Appl. Phys. 116, 044303 (2014)

Stability and Surface Reconstruction of Topological Insulator Bi2Se3 on Exposure to Atmosphere

Mark T. Edmonds, Jack T. Hellerstedt, Anton Tadich, Alex Schenk , Kane Michael O’Donnell, Jacob Tosado, Nicholas P. Butch, Paul Syers, Johnpierre Paglione, and Michael S. Fuhrer

J. Phys. Chem. C 118, 20413 (2014)

Thickness and growth-condition dependence of in-situ mobility and carrier density of epitaxial thin-film Bi2Se3

Jack Hellerstedt, Mark Edmonds, J. H. Chen, William G. Cullen, C. X. Zheng, Michael S. Fuhrer

Applied Physics Letters 105, 173506 (2014)

Tuning bulk and surface conduction in topological Kondo insulator SmB6

Paul Syers, Dohun Kim, Michael S. Fuhrer, Johnpierre Paglione

Physical Review Letters 114, 096601 (2015)

Disorder-Induced Magnetoresistance in a Two-Dimensional Electron System

Jinglei Ping, Indra Yudhistira, Navneeth Ramakrishnan, Sungjae Cho, Shaffique Adam, and Michael S. Fuhrer

Physical Review Letters 113, 047206 (2014)

Approaching the limits of transparency and conductivity in graphitic materials through lithium intercalation

Wenzhong Bao, Jiayu Wan, Xiaogang Han, Xinghan Cai, Hongli Zhu, Dohun Kim, Dakang Ma, Yunlu Xu, Jeremy N. Munday, H. Dennis Drew, Michael S. Fuhrer, Liangbing Hu

Nature Communications 5, 4224 (2014)


Coherent Topological Transport on the Surface of Bi2Se3

Dohun Kim, Paul Syers, Nicholas P. Butch, Johnpierre Paglione, Michael S. Fuhrer

Nature Communications 4, 2040 (2013)

High Mobility Ambipolar MoS2 Field-Effect Transistors: Substrate and Dielectric Effects

Wenzhong Bao, Xinghan Cai, Dohun Kim, Karthik Sridhara, Michael S. Fuhrer

Applied Physics Letters 102, 042104 (2013)

Photo-thermal response in dual-gated bilayer graphene

M.-H. Kim, J. Yan, R. J. Suess, T. E. Murphy, M. S. Fuhrer, H. D. Drew

Physical Review Letters 110, 247402 (2013)

Thin film barristor: a gate tunable vertical graphene-pentacene device

C. Ojeda-Aristizabal, W. Bao, M. S. Fuhrer

Phys. Rev. B 88, 035435 (2013)

Measurement of mobility in dual-gated MoS2 transistors

Michael S. Fuhrer and James Hone

Nature Nanotechnology 8, 146–147 (2013)

Direct Imaging of Charged Impurity Density in Common Graphene Substrates

Kristen M. Burson, William G. Cullen, Shaffique Adam, Cory R. Dean, K. Watanabe, T. Taniguchi, Philip Kim, and Michael S. Fuhrer

Nano Letters 13, 3576 (2013)


Universal conductance fluctuations in Dirac materials in the presence of long-range disorder

Rossi, J. H. Bardarson, M. S. Fuhrer, and S. Das Sarma

Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 096801 pp. 1-5 (2012)

Single Carbon Nanotube Schottky Diode Microwave Rectifiers

Enrique D. Cobas, Steven M. Anlage, and M. S. Fuhrer

IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. (Special Issue on Radio-Frequency Nanoelectronics) 59, 2726-2732 (2011)

Dual-gated bilayer graphene hot electron bolometer

J. Yan, M.-H. Kim, J.A. Elle, A.B. Sushkov, G.S. Jenkins, H.M. Milchberg, M.S. Fuhrer, and H.D. Drew

Nature Nanotechnology 7, 472-478 (2012)

Topological insulator quantum dot with tunable barriers

Sungjae Cho, Dohun Kim, Paul Syers, Nicholas P. Butch, Johnpierre Paglione, and Michael S. Fuhrer

Nano Letters 12, 469-472 (2012)

High-quality uniform dry transfer of graphene to polymers

Evgeniya H Lock, Mira Baraket, Matthew Laskoski, Shawn Patrick Mulvaney, Woo Kyung Lee, Paul Sheehan, Daniel R. Hines, Jeremy T Robinson, Jacob Tosado, Michael S. Fuhrer, Sandra C. Hernàndez, and Scott G. Walton

Nano Lett. 12, 102-107 (2012)

Princess and the Pea at the nanoscale: Wrinkling and unbinding of graphene on nanoparticles

Mahito Yamamoto, Olivier Pierre-Louis, Jia Huang, Michael S. Fuhrer, T. L. Einstein, William G. Cullen

Physical Review X 2, 041018 pp. 1-11 (2012)

Layer Number and Stacking Sequence Imaging of Few-layer Graphenes by Transmission Electron Microscopy

Jinglei Ping and Michael S. Fuhrer

Nano Letters 12, 4635-4641 (2012)

Towards spin injection from silicon into topological insulators: Schottky barrier between Si and Bi2Se3

C. Ojeda-Aristizabal, M. S. Fuhrer, N. P Butch, J. Paglione, I. Appelbaum

Applied Physics Letters 101, 023102 pp. 1-4 (2012)

Intrinsic Electron-Phonon Resistivity in Bi2Se3 in the Topological Regime

Dohun Kim, Qiuzi Li, Paul Syers, Nicholas P. Butch, Johnpierre Paglione, S. Das Sarma, Michael S. Fuhrer

Physical Review Letters 109, 166801 pp. 1-5 (2012)

Potential Steps at C60-TiOPc-Ag(111) Interfaces: Ultrahigh-Vacuum-Noncontact Scanning Probe Metrology

K.M. Burson, Y.Y. Wei, W.G. Cullen, M.S. Fuhrer, J.E. Reutt-Robey

Nano Letters 12, 2859-2864 (2012)

Charge inhomogeneity determines oxidative reactivity of graphene on substrates

Mahito Yamamoto, Theodore L. Einstein, Michael S. Fuhrer, and William G. Cullen

ACS Nano 6, 8335-8341 (2012)

Correspondence: Reply to ‘Origin of logarithmic resistance correction in graphene’

Jian-Hao Chen, Liang Li, William G. Cullen, Ellen D. Williams & Michael S. Fuhrer

Nature Physics 8, 353 (2012).

For older outputs, please see:

Michael S. Fuhrer – Google Scholar

Michael S. Fuhrer Research Outputs – Monash University


Group Leader:

Michael Fuhrer

Postdoctoral Researchers:

Semonti Bhattacharyya

Golrokh Akghar

Shao-Yu Chen

Iolanda Di Bernardo

PhD Students:

Chang Liu

Yi-Hsun Chen

Matt Gebert

Thi “Emily” Vu

Undergraduate/Honours Students:



Former Postdocs – Monash

Antonija Grubisic-Cabo

Mark Edmonds

Jack Hellerstedt

Changxi Zheng

Bent Weber

Former PhD students – Monash

James Collins

Jimmy Kotsakidis

Former Postdocs – University of Maryland

Wenzhong Bao

Yilin Wang

Claudia Ojeda

Jun Yan

Jianhao Chen

Alexander Manasson

Anthony Ayari

Stephanie Getty

Byong Man Kim

Former PhD students – University of Maryland

Jacob Tosado

Xinghan “Harold” Cai

Liang Li

Jack Hellerstedt

Jinglei Ping

Tracy Moore

Kristen Burson

Dohun Kim

Alexandra Curtin

Chaun Jang

Shudong Xiao

Enrique Cobas

Sungjae Cho

Tarek Ghanem

Daniel Lenski

Emmanouel Hourdakis

Adrian Southard

David Tobias

Gokhan Esen

Yung-Fu Chen

Tobias Duerkop

Todd Brintlinger